DR.APJ ABDUL KALAM, full name Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, was an eminent Indian scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India, and passed away on July 27, 2015.


Dr. Kalam was a renowned aerospace engineer and played a crucial role in India’s civilian space program and military missile development. He was often referred to as the “Missile Man of India” for his contributions to the development of ballistic missile technology. Notably, he played a significant role in the development of the indigenous satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III) and the Pokhran-II nuclear tests.

Before serving as the President, Dr. Kalam held various positions in India’s space and defense research organizations, including the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). He received several prestigious awards and honors throughout his career, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1997.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s contributions to science, technology, and the upliftment of society have left a lasting impact, and he remains a revered figure in India and around the world.


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